Multinational Surveys

Several European countries participate in the following international continuous survey research programmes. Integrated and national data files are available either from the programme websites or through CESSDA archives.

Please follow the links below for further information about European and international surveys and how to access data.


European Commission Eurobarometer

Since 1973, the European Commission has been monitoring the evolution of public opinion in the Member States, thus helping the preparation of texts, decision-making and the evaluation of its work. Their surveys and studies address major topics concerning European citizenship: enlargement, social situation, health, culture, information technology, environment, the Euro, defence, etc.

Eurobarometer interactive search system

Access to the microdata of all Eurobarometers is carried out via the GESIS Data Catalogue.

Eurobarometer primary data and related documentation (questionnaires, codebooks, etc.) are made available by GESIS, ICPSR and through the Social Science Data Archive networks. Adequate use of these data presupposes at least basic knowledge in data analysis methodology and experience in the use of statistical software packages (information on Eurobarometer weighting variables should also be noticed).

European Social Survey (ESS)

The European Social Survey (ESS) is an academically driven cross-national survey that has been conducted every two years across Europe since 2001.

Following an application to the European Commission which was submitted by the UK on behalf of 14 other countries, the ESS was awarded ERIC status on 30 November 2013.

The survey measures the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns of diverse populations in more than thirty nations.

The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)

The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) is a multidisciplinary and cross-national panel database of micro data on health, socio-economic status and social and family networks of approximately 110,000 individuals (more than 220,000 interviews) from 20 European countries (+Israel) aged 50 or older.

In March 2011, the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) became the first European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC).

European Values Survey (EVS)

The European Values Study is a large-scale, cross-national, and longitudinal survey research programme on basic human values. It provides insights into the ideas, beliefs, preferences, attitudes, values and opinions of citizens all over Europe. It is a unique research project on how Europeans think about life, family, work, religion, politics and society.

The European Values Study started in 1981, when a thousand citizens in the European Member States of that time were interviewed using standardised questionnaires. Every nine years, the survey is repeated in an increasing number of countries. The fourth wave in 2008 covers no less than 47 European countries/regions, from Iceland to Azerbaijan and from Portugal to Norway. In total, about 70,000 people in Europe are interviewed.


Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES)

CSES is a collaborative programme of research among election study teams from around the world. Participating countries include a common module of survey questions in their post-election studies. The resulting data are deposited along with voting, demographic, district and macro variables. The studies are then merged into a single, free, public dataset for use in comparative study and cross-level analysis.

Cross-Cultural Survey Guidelines (CCSG)

The guidelines highlight best practice for the conduct of comparative survey research across cultures and countries and cover all aspects of the survey lifecycle.

GESIS Overview of Comparative Surveys

GESIS presents an overview of cross-national survey programmes and important singular comparative studies with a focus on individual level population samples.

Generations and Gender Programme (GGP)

The GGP is a longitudinal survey of 18-79 year olds in 19 countries that aims to improve our understanding of the various factors – including public policy and programme interventions – which affect the relationships between parents and children (generations) and between partners (gender).
A broad array of topics including fertility, partnership, the transition to adulthood, economic activity, care duties and attitudes are covered by the survey. The GGP also provides access to an accompanying contextual database which provides researchers with macro level indicators on issues related to generations and gender which help scientists explore the links between social context and individual’s lives”.

International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)

The ISSP is a continuing annual programme of cross-national collaboration on surveys covering topics important for social science research.

It brings together pre-existing social science projects and coordinates research goals, thereby adding a cross-national, cross-cultural perspective to the individual national studies.

The ISSP researchers especially concentrate on developing questions that are meaningful and relevant to all countries, and can be expressed in an equivalent manner in all relevant languages.

The World Values Survey (WVS)

The World Values Survey is a global network of social scientists studying changing values and their impact on social and political life, led by an international team of scholars, with the WVS association and secretariat headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden.

The survey, which started in 1981, seeks to use the most rigorous, high-quality research designs in each country. The WVS consists of nationally representative surveys conducted in almost 100 countries which contain almost 90 percent of the world’s population, using a common questionnaire. The WVS is the largest non-commercial, cross-national, time series investigation of human beliefs and values ever executed.

The WVS seeks to help scientists and policy makers understand changes in the beliefs, values and motivations of people throughout the world.

WageIndicator Survey

The vision WageIndicator Foundation is: "More knowledge about and understanding of the labour market, enables informed decisions for a happier working life."

The mission of the WageIndicator Foundation is: "More labour market transparency for the benefit of all employers, employees and workers worldwide by sharing and comparing information on wages, Labour Law and career."

Why? There is a lack of of coherent labour market information, easy to access, easy to understand, full circle, independent, free of politics in many countries worldwide. The national WageIndicator websites function as online, up to date labour market libraries for workers, employers, governments, academics and media alike.

Check all Salary Surveys in national languages. All surveys are designed in such a way that national and international comparison is possible.

Last updated: Tuesday 03 May 2016

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